Charles Duroiselle (1871-1951) was a French-born Burmese historian and archaeologist, noted Pali scholar and epigrapher, who published monographs on Mandalay Palace and other related Burmese subjects. Throughout his career, he excavated over 120 monuments around Burma (now Myanmar).
A member of the École française d'Extrême-Orient, he served as a Professor of Pali at the University of Rangoon, and also as Superintendent, Archaeological Survey of Burma from 1912 to 1940, succeeding Taw Sein Ko. In March 1910, he co-founded the Burma Research Society along with colleagues including John Sydenham Furnivall, May Oung, and Pe Maung Tin. The following year, the Journal of the Burma Research Society, was launched. He retired in 1939.