カンボジア， アンコールトム城門の建造過程 | The Building Phases of Gates at Angkor Thom
by Hiroki Hattori & Shin-ichi Nishimoto & Sokuntheary So & Takeshi Nakagawa
Publication: テゴリーII】日本建築学会計画系論文集 第575号，175−182，2004年1 月 | Journal of tArchitecture of Planning, Architectural Institute of Japan (NII Electronic Library)
Language : JapaneseJanuary 2004
'This paper describes the details of the traces found at gates of Angkor Thorn, and studies the building phases of gates leading by the traces. B.Ph.Groslier concludes that gates ofAngkor Thorn were constructed in three stages, and were were initially a structure composed from three towers. Decorations were later added at the corners of the tower and finally, towers were scrapped and arranged, and stone materials were added to the top of towers on which faces were carved.'
Reviewing this three-stage theory, the authors conclude that Groslier's assumption was correct. They found the initial doorway with wooden lintel between the first chamber and the second chamber in all gates. Their investigation points to the possibility that the second chamber was added to the first chamber later on.
ADB Input: This research is worth reading again in the context of the restoration of Angkor Thom external wall, which entered a new phase in 2020.
Photo by Shruthi (2020)
About the Authors
Hiroki Hattori 服部博紀 is a graduate student at Waseda University, Tokyo.
Shinichi Nishimoto, a professor at Nippon Institute of Technology, is an architect and archaeologist who worked extensively in Cambodia and Egypt.
With a Master of Engineering at University of Tsukuba, he contributed to several studies on structural design and water management at the Angkor Thom and Bayon sites.
So Sokuntheary is a Cambodian Doctor in Architecture specialized in Architectural Preservation.
A graduate from Waseda University, she is actively developing in Cambodia the activities of the Shimoda Laboratory of Architectural Heritage, a World Heritage Program sponsored by the Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba (Japan).
A professor of Science and Engineering at Waseda University (Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa 中川 武 is the Director of the Japanese Government Team for Safeguarding Angkor.
He took part in several training programs in architectural preservation in Cambodia, in particular at Sambor Prei Kuk as part of the SPK Project Laboratory.
With Dr. So Sokuntheary (photo KhmerNas)