Created in Paris in 1946 at the initiative of Chauncey J. Hamlin (US), who became the first President of the organisation, the International Council of Museums (ICOM) adopted its Code of Ethics in 1986. The organization lists more than 15,000 members worlwide.
From 1996 on, ICOM reinforced its fight against the illicit traffic of cultural goods by developing the Red Lists and One Hundred Missing Objects series. Risk prevention activities related to natural or man-made disasters were accelerated with the Museum Emergency Program (MEP) launched in 2002 as well as ICOM’s participation in the International Council of the Blue Shield (ICBS).
ICOM Department of Heritage Protection is currently headed by Sophie Delepierre. The ICOM Cambodia national committee is presided by CHAU SUN Kérya.